Question: What Is Picture Exchange Communication System?

What is the picture exchange communication system used for?

The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a way for autistic people to communicate without relying on speech. To communicate, people use cards with pictures, symbols, words or photographs to make requests or comments and answer questions.

What is PECS and how does it work?

The Picture Exchange Communication System, or PECS, allows people with little or no communication abilities to communicate using pictures. People using PECS are taught to approach another person and give them a picture of a desired item in exchange for that item. PECS works well in the home or in the classroom.

What is PECS program?

The Picture Exchange Communication System or PECS approach is a modified applied behavior analysis program designed for early nonverbal symbolic communication training. PECS training occurs during typical activities within the natural settings of the classroom and the home.

Who is PECS suitable for?

PECS is a program to assist children to develop a communication system that allows them to meet various needs. Suitable candidates for the program include children who do not speak, who are unintelligible, or who are minimally effective communicators with their present communication system.

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How do exchange images communicate?

Place the truck on a shelf so that your child can see it, but not reach it. Take him over to the shelf and point out the truck. Hand him the picture card and tell him that if he wants the truck, he has to show you the card. After the child shows you the card, affirm his request by speaking it.

Is Picture Exchange communication evidence based?

The research evidence suggests that PECS can be used in multiple settings, including schools, homes, and therapy settings. The studies cited in this section provide the basis upon which this practice was determined to meet the NPDC on ASD’s criteria as an evidence-based practice.

What are the six phases of PECS?

The PECS approach occurs in 6 phases.

  • Phase 1 – Teaches the user ‘How to communicate’
  • Phase 2 – Teaches ‘Distance and persistence’
  • Phase 3 – Teaches ‘Picture Discrimination’ (although some users develop in Phases 1 & 2)
  • Phase 4 – Teaches the user to build a ‘Sentence structure’

What are the disadvantages of PECS?

Also if it is left behind somewhere the child does not have their words with them to express themselves.” Another disadvantage of PECS is that communication is limited. If a student does not have a specific card for a specific object, they are unable to request that object using the PECS system (Kluth, 2003).

Are PECS considered AAC?

The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is described by its authors as “a unique AAC training package developed for use with young children with autism and other social-communication deficits.” (Frost & Brody 1994). PECs is a total system for developing full communication in six stages.

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At what age can you start PECS?

PECS is only for young children. PECS has been used around the world with people aged from 14 months to 85 years.

How long does PECS training take?

This intensive 13-hour interactive workshop is designed to teach educational and caregiver teams the theory and protocol for the Picture Exchange Communication System® (PECS®), an evidence-based practice based on Applied Behaviour Analysis, typical language development, and B.F. Skinner’s Verbal Behaviour.

Are PECS effective?

The researchers concluded that PECS is effective in helping children with autism use pictures to communicate; however, evidence that PECS helps children acquire vocal speech is not as strong, perhaps because the quality and quantity of research on speech outcomes has been insufficient to produce a clear pattern of

What is a social story for autism?

What are social stories? Social stories explain social situations to autistic children and help them learn socially appropriate behaviour and responses. These stories are sometimes called social scripts, social narratives or story-based interventions.

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